top of page


A Pilot Study on Factors Affecting Career Barriers of Senior Students of the Fine Arts Department in the Art Therapy Workshops

江學瀅 Shyue-Ying Chiang
國立臺灣師範大學美術學系 助理教授

Assistant Professor / Department of Fine Arts,National Taiwan Normal University


Art major students are trained to have numerous drawing and creative techniques to pass the entrance exam for their professional development at the university. Due to the uncertainties of being an artist, most of them feel confused about their future and have developed career barriers when facing graduation. Based on Holland’s hexagon model, six senior art major students distributed over different angles of his hexagon model were selected to participate in an art therapy career exploration workshop, followed by in-depth interviews to inquire about personal career developmental issues and factors of career barriers. The results show that social cognitive career theory can describe the formation of career barriers among these participants, while learning environment, interpersonal relationships, and personal issues are the main factors shaping those barriers. However, several of the factors are inter-related, and these career barriers may stimulate stronger self-efficiency. The art therapy career exploration workshop helped participants enhance their understanding of their own personalities, interests, and career abilities and discover special personal career skills through experiencing part-time jobs and student organizations; doing so, the workshop promoted their personal understanding of career barriers and raised the students’ enthusiasm to deal with them. Finally, conclusions and suggestions for future research are provided.


Keywords: career barrier, career exploration, visual art professionals, art therapy, art education



"The Freely Moving Body": An Anthropological Study on Contemporary Dancers in Taiwan

趙綺芳 Chi-Fang Chao
英國羅漢普頓大學舞蹈學系 高級講師
Senior Lecturer / Department of Dance, University of Roehampton


This paper intends to discuss the anthropological perspectives, methodology, and relevant research and writing as

applied to the current study on Taiwanese dancers, their lived bodies and cultures, addressing three main dimensions: body and movement, sense and experience, and skill and practice. Current anthropological approaches on dance have shifted from the textual approach focusing on meaning of dance, to that on perception of dancers, inviting more research on perception of the moving body with its profundity. This also matches the broader trend of highly sensual and speedy diffusion of cultural representation in the contemporary world since the beginning of the 21st century. In the paper, through the approach of reflexive ethnography incepted from interaction with professionally-trained dancers in a dance institute, I discuss dancers' practice and perception as inscribed by the cultural system —— the professional training mixing the Eastern and Western cultures of bodily perception and skills —— which has been situated within the complicated and multi-originated forces of globalization and cultural nationalism. Along with the analysis of the socio-cultural process and institutionalization of dance training, this paper illustrates the vivid construction of image and value of “the freely moving body," which characterizes self-fulfillment of dancers, while imposing and everlasting process of competition and negotiation among different knowledge, techniques, and cultures on their body-mind realization and perception. This primary research hopes to shed more light on the education of professional dancers in Taiwan in order to reflect upon the core meanings and values of pedagogy for dancers in contemporary Taiwanese society.


Keywords: contemporary dance, anthropology, movement, perception, Taiwan



Analysis of Creative Self-Efficacy Constructs With Art Major College Students Enrolled in the Digital Image Creation Course

劉光夏 Kuang-Hsia Liu
臺北市立大學學習與媒材設計學系 副教授

Associate Professor / Department of Learning and Materials Design,University of Taipei


Creative self-efficacy is a key factor in creativity. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of college students’ creative self-efficacy constructs, including beliefs in creative thinking strategies, beliefs in creative products, and beliefs in resisting negative evaluations. Taking art major students who participated in Digital Image Creation Course at a national university in Taipei as the samples for the analysis, questionnaires surveys were applied to collect pretest and posttest data for three consecutive years. Total 226 valid responses were retrieved and examined using partial least squares (PLS) structural equation modeling. The results revealed that the explanatory power of the structural model was acceptable. Students’ beliefs in creative thinking strategies directly affected beliefs in creative products, which directly affected beliefs in resisting negative evaluations. Their beliefs in creative thinking strategies indirectly affected beliefs in resisting negative evaluations. Accordingly, this study suggested that in order to enhance students’ overall artistic creativity, teachers should strengthen their beliefs in creative thinking strategies first.


Keywords: partial least squares, creative self-efficacy, arts learners



Applicability of North America’s Three Major Philosophy of Music Education to Taiwan’s Elementary and Junior High School Music Education

紀雅真 Ya-Chen Chi
臺北市立大學音樂學系 助理教授
Assistant Professor / Department of Music, University of Taipei

林小玉 Sheau-Yuh Lin
臺北市立大學音樂學系 助理教授
Professor / Department of Music, University of Taipei


Philosophy of music education became an independent research field in the 20th century. Philosophical articles in music education examined goals and values of music education, as well as the meaning underneath music teaching activities. These discourses led the trend of philosophical inquiry. In the North American research field, studies relating to philosophy of music education flourished. This study includes two stages: first, to examine the views of utilitarianism, aesthetics, and praxialism by philosophical inquiry and literature review; second, to understand the opinion to utilitarianism, aesthetics, and praxialism from 12 music professors and teachers in Taiwan, and to determine the applicability of these philosophies to Taiwan’s elementary and junior high schools by three-round Delphi questionnaires. Results of this study showed that utilitarian view of music education put emphasis on the ancillary value of music. Aesthetics promoted the importance of aesthetic qualities in music. Praxialism highlighted the value of practicum and context in music education. Regarding the philosophy of music education in Taiwan, participants were more inclined to take a synergistic view that combined opinions from aesthetics and praxialism. The arguments from utilitarianism were less seen as the basics to guide goals and practice in Taiwan’s music education.


Keywords: philosophy of music education, aesthetics, utilitarianism, praxialism

bottom of page